Wednesday, August 15, 2007

MaeMai MuayThai

mean Muaythai techniques of using fists, feet, knees, and elbows efficiently in the attack and defense. The skills in Muaythai are acquired by practice and use of fists, feet, knees, and elbows harmoniously. The techniques used in teaching Muaythai vary from teacher to teacher, depending on the style each teacher can adapt. A style invented by a teacher will be given a name according to the action. When time goes by, the styles have considerably increased. They are therefore grouped and rhymed for the students to memorize. In the past, Muaythai boxers did not put on gloves. They fought with bare hands or hands wrapped with cotton yarn. The fighters could use their hands to throw, break or twist the opponents. They made use of a wide range of fighting techniques rather than strength. There emerged a lot of fighting styles accordingly. Later, the boxers are required to put on gloves like the international-style fighters and numerous rules and regulations have been issued to protect the fighters from any dangers and to facilitate the scoring system. Certain fighting styles are banned in the competition because they are regarded as a foul whereas boxers are unable to use certain skillful styles due to the guards or protectors put on their bodies. These styles were finally forgotten.
Muaythai techniques are grouped differently according to the teachers. In many Muaythai manuals, the techniques are obviously classified according to the features. The attack and counterattack is called Khon Muay or Muaythai strategy. The use of fists, feet, knees, and elbows is called Cherng Muay, Mae Mai and Look Mai, Mai Khru and Mai Kred, or simply Muaythai maneuvers. Mai Khru is the main technique that all students must learn. When it is acquired, it can be split into numerous Mai Kred or techniques

Sunday, August 12, 2007

TBA Wai Kru (Simple Version)

  1. The fighter stands in his own corner and prays. The trainer places the Mong Kon (ceremonial head-band) around the fighter's head and prays, finally blowing his spirit into the fighter.
  2. The fighter goes to the center of the ring and kneels down facing the direction of his home and places their hands in a Wai (praying) position. The fighter thinks of his religion, father & mother, teacher and someone who has passed away.
  3. Bow three times in respect, first for country (chat), religion (sassana) and then for king (ramma) then return to the Wai position.
  4. Bend over, opening your hands, and roll your hands down and in a circular motion. "Like an eagle," says Ajarn Chai. As your hands come together extended straight in front of you the index fingers and thumbs come together to form a diamond. Then, while maintaining the diamond hand position, swoop your hands into your stomach. Then extend the same structure out and up over your head to a vertical position as you look through the diamond. Finish the motion by bringing your hands straight down and into a kneeling Wai position. Repeat this three times.
  5. Rise to a kneeling position by picking up your right leg. Hands move into an overhand guard position reminiscent of Krabi-Krabong
  6. Rise to a standing position to perform the Yam Sang Kung (three step dance). Ajarn Chai's version of this dance is heavily influence by the defensive hand and body mechanics of Krabi-Krabong.
  7. While performing the Yam Sang Kung make your way to each corner, stopping at each point to pay respects. (Note: Do not stamp your feet in your opponent's corner as this is a signal that you intend to kill your opponent--unless you have an armed escort to make sure you make it out of the stadium alive.)
  8. Return finally to your own corner to pay respects last in that corner.

Thursday, July 26, 2007

Basic Numbers 1 through 10

  • Nueng = One
  • Sorng = Two
  • Sarm = Three
  • Se e = Four
  • Ha = Five
  • Hok = Six
  • Ched = Seven
  • Paed = Eight
  • Kao = Nine
  • Sib =Ten

Commonly Used Phrases

  • Sa wadee = Hello
  • La kon = Goodbye
  • Aroon sa wadee =Good morning
  • Sayan sa wadee =Good evening
  • Ra tree sa wadee = Good night
  • Chan shue =My name is
  • Khob chai mark =Thanks, very much
  • Khob ton rub tharn =You are welcome
  • Tharn sa bi dee rhuee =You are welcome
  • Chan mai khao chai =I don't understand
  • Shuay chan noi doi ma? =Can you help me?
  • Chan ma chark saha rat =I am from the U.S.
  • Tharn wa yarng rai? =How do you say?
  • We la tao r ai? =What time is it?
  • Chan ma chark saha rat =I can't speak Thai
  • Chan pood dai tae pasa Anglish =I speak English
  • Prode pood hai sah kwa nee =Please speak more slowly

Vocabulary For Thai Boxing (Muay Thai)

It is impossible to give the correct pronunciation of Thai words by using the Roman alphabet without auxiliary signs. However, by observing the following pronunciation guide, the words will be understood if used in context.

Pronounce"a"like the "u" in cup

aa a spa
ae a man
ai i fight
aw aw law
e e set
eh ea bear
i i fit
ee ee feet
o oa board
u u put
oo oo food
ue ui French
is a consonant

dt somewhat between
a "d" and "t".

Muay Thai Terminology

  • Aenken :Anklet, protecting instep and shin
  • Andap :Ratings
  • Baak :Mouth
  • Bangkok :Capital of Thailand
  • Bat :Block
  • Chaikrong :Floating ribs
  • Champ :Champion
  • Chiang Mai :Provincial capital in the North. Seond largest city in Thailand
  • Chok :Fight
  • Choraked faad haang :Turn kick, literally 'crocodile thrashes its tail'
  • Dadsin :To judge, to decide
  • Daihuachai: Region under the heart, a vital point.
  • Dermpan : A form of betting.
  • Dontree Muay: The music played during a match
  • Dtaa : Eyes
  • Dtaai : To die
  • Dtae : To kick
  • Dtae Kao : Knee kick
  • Dtae Tao : Kick with foot
  • Dtae Wiang: Round kick
  • Dtai : Kidneys, a vital point.
  • Dtai Kao : Knee kick from side
  • Dtee : To hit
  • Dtee Mat : To hit with the fist
  • Dtee Sawk: To hit with the elbow
  • Dtoi : To box, boxing
  • Dtoi Lom : Shadow boxing, literally to box with the wind or air.
  • Faad : To thrash, wipe, swipe
  • Faidaeng : The red corner
  • Fainamnerng: The blue corner
  • Gamagan : Referee
  • Gaan Dadsin: Judging
  • Gangkeng Muay: Boxer's trunks
  • Gawn Welaa: Literally before time. "Gawn welaa" bouts, reserved for novices, are held before the program starts.
  • Grajab : Groin guard
  • Grammon Srisa: Top of head, a vital point
  • Grasawb : Bag, punching bag
  • Hua : Head
  • Huajai : Heart
  • Hook : Hook, word borrowed from English.
  • Jad : Promote
  • Jamook : Nose
  • Kaa : Leg
  • Kaen : Arm
  • Kai : Camp
  • Kai Muay : Boxing camp
  • Kagangai : Jawbone, a vital point
  • Kamab : Temples, vital points.
  • Kao : Knee
  • Kao Kong : Over-arm knee kick
  • Kao Loy : Jumping knee kick
  • Kao Drong : Frontal knee kick
  • Khuen Kroo : The ceremony during which a teacher accepts a new student.
  • Koo Ek : Main bout on a card, literally the "number one pair".
  • Kradot : Jump
  • Dradot Dtae: Jump kick
  • Druang Rang: Bands worn around biceps
  • Kroo Muay: Boxing teacher
  • Kwaa: Right, to the right
  • Lang Tao: Instep
  • Limpee: Solar Plexus, a vital point
  • Mat: Fist
  • Mat At: Uppercut
  • Mat Drong: Straight punch
  • Mao Mat: "Punch drunk"
  • Mongkon: The headband worn during pre-fight ceremony
  • Muay Acheep: Professional boxing
  • Muay Thai: Thai-style boxing
  • Muay Sakon: International-style boxing
  • Na Kaeng: Shin
  • Nak Muay: Boer
  • Namnak: Weight
  • Na Paang: Forehead
  • Nuam: Gloves
  • Pang-nga: To dodge, evade
  • Paa Pan Mue: Bandages worn under gloves
  • Pee Liang: Seconds
  • Raigaan Muay: Boxing program
  • Ram Muay: Boxing dance, part of the pre-fight ritual
  • Run: Weight category
  • Saai: Left, to the left
  • Sanam Muay: Boxing stadium
  • Sawing: Swing, the word comes from the English "swing"
  • Sawk: Elbow
  • Sangwien :Ring Ropes
  • Sawk Chieng :Diagonal Elbow
  • Sawk Hug: Levering Elbow
  • Sawk Klab: Reverse Elbow
  • Sawk Ku :Double Elbow
  • Sawk Sob :Chopping Elbow
  • Sawk Tad: Jab Elbow
  • Sawk Tong :Smashing Down Elbow
  • Taitai: Nap, a vital point
  • Tao : Foot
  • Teep: Push or thrust with the underside of the foot
  • Teep Dan Lang: Foot thrust to the rear
  • Teep Duen Son: Heel push
  • Teep Drong: Straight forward foot push
  • Ting: Throw
  • Tong: Stomach
  • Tong Noi: Lower stomach, a vital point
  • Uppercut: Uppercut, borrowed from English
  • Wai Kroo: Obeisance to the teacher, part of the pre-fight ritual.
  • Wehtee: The ring, a stage
  • Wong: Band
  • Wong Muay: The orchestra that plays during matches
  • Yaeb: Jab, borrowed from English
  • Yaek: Break, used by referee in the ring to separate fighters.
  • Yang gan fan: Mouth guard
  • Yang Sam Kung: Three step dance, part of the Ram Muay
  • Yok: Round
  • Yud: Stop, used by referee

Saturday, July 14, 2007

Techniques of Thai Boxing

The basic offensive techniques in Muay Thai use fists, elbows, shins, feet, and knees to strike the opponent. To bind the opponent for both offensive and defensive purposes, small amounts of stand-up grappling are used: the clinch. Muay Thai is often a fighting art of attrition, where opponents exchange blows with one another. This is certainly the case with traditional stylists in Thailand, but is a less popular form of fighting in the contemporary world fighting circuit. With the success of Muay Thai in mixed martial arts fighting, it has become the de facto martial art of choice for competitive stand-up fighters. As a result, it has evolved and incorporated much more powerful hand striking techniques used in western style boxing and the Thai style of exchanging blow for blow is no longer favorable. Note: when Muay Thai fighters compete against fighters of other styles (and if the rules permit it), they almost invariably emphasize elbow (sok) and knee (kao) techniques to gain a distinct advantage in fighting. Almost all techniques in Muay Thai use the entire body movement, rotating the hip with each kick, punch, and block. The rotation of the hips in Muay Thai techniques, and intensive focus on "core muscles" (such as abdominal muscles and surrounding muscles) is very distinctive and is what sets Muay Thai apart from other styles of martial arts.

The Clinch

In Western Boxing, the two fighters are separated when they clinch, in Muay Thai however, they are not. It is often in the clinch where knee techniques are used. The clinch should be performed with the palm of one hand on the back of the other and not as shown in the picture.There are three reasons why the fingers must not be intertwined.

1) In the ring fighters are wearing boxing gloves and cannot intertwine their fingers.

2) The Thai clinch involves pressing the head of the opponent downwards, which is easier if the hands are locked behind the back of the head instead of behind the neck. Furthermore the arms should be putting as much pressure on the neck as possible.

3) You can injure your fingers if they are intertwined, and it is harder to release the grip if you want to elbow your opponent's head quickly

A correct clinch also involves your forearms pressing against the other fighter's collar bone while your hands are around the opponent's head rather than his neck. The general way to get out of a clinch (not the one pictured) is to push the opponents head backwards, as the clinch requires both participants to be very close to one another.

Defense against punches and kicks

Defensively, the concept of "wall of defense" is used, in which shoulders, arms and legs are used to hinder the attacker from successfully executing his techniques. Blocking is a critical element in Muay Thai and compounds the level of conditioning a successful practitioner must possess. Low and mid body roundhouse kicks are normally blocked with the upper portion of a raised shin. High body strikes are blocked with the forearm/glove, elbow/shin. Mid section roundhouse kicks can also be caught/trapped, allowing for a sweep or counter attack to the remaining leg of the opponent. Punches are blocked with an ordinary boxing guard and techniques similar if not idenitical to basic boxing technique. A common means of blocking a punch is using the hand on the same side as the oncoming punch. For example, if an orthodox fighter throws a jab (being his left hand), the defender will make a slight tap to redirect the punches angle with his right hand. The deflection is always as small and precise as possible to avoid unnecessary energy expendature and return the hand to the guard as quickly as possible. Hooks are most often blocked with a motion most often described as "combing your hair," raising the elbow forward and effectively shielding the head with the forearm, flexed bicep, and shoulder. More advanced Muay Thai blocks are usually counters, used to damage your opponent before he can attack again.

Elbow techniques

The elbow can be used in seven ways: horizontal, diagonal-upwards, diagonal-downwards, uppercut, downward, backward-spinning and flying. From the side it can be used as either a finishing move or as a way to cut the opponent's eyebrow so that blood might block his vision. The blood also raises the opponent's awareness of being hurt which could affect his performance. This is the most common way of using the elbow. The diagonal elbows are faster than the other forms, but are less powerful. The uppercut and flying elbows are the most powerful, but are slower and easier to avoid or block. The downward elbow is usually used as a finishing move.
There is also a distinct difference between a single elbow and a follow-up elbow. The single elbow is an elbow move independent from any other move, whereas a follow-up elbow is the second strike from the same arm, being a hook first with an elbow follow-up. Such elbows, and most other elbows, are used when the distance between fighters becomes too small and there is too little space to throw a hook at the opponent's head.

Kicking techniques

The teep (literally "foot jab," similar to a front kick) and Cutting the tree (kicking upwards in the shape of a triangle cutting under the arm and ribs) are the two most common kicks in Muay Thai. The Muay Thai roundhouse kick has been widely adopted by fighters from other martial arts. The roundhouse kick uses a rotational movement of the entire body. A Thai fighter uses this to his advantage, and if a round house kick is attempted by the opponent the fighter will block with his shin. Thai boxers are trained to always connect with the shin. While sensitive in an unconditioned practitioner, the shin is the strongest part of the leg for experienced Muay Thai fighters. The foot contains many fine bones and is much weaker. A fighter may end up hurting himself if he tries to attack with his foot.
Muay Thai also includes other varieties of kicking, such as the axe kick, side kick or spinning back kick etc. These kicks, depending on the fighter are utilized as to the preference of the fighter. It is worth noting that a side kick is performed differently in Muay Thai than the traditional side kick of other martial arts. In Muay Thai, a side kick is executed by first raising the knee of the leg that is going to kick in order to convince the opponent that the executor is going to perform a teep or front kick. The hips are then shifted to the side to the more traditional side kick position for the kick itself. The "fake-out" always precedes the kick in Muay Thai technique.

Knee techniques

Some knee techniques ("kao")
- Kao Dode (Jumping knee strike) - the Thai boxer jumps up on one leg and strikes with that leg's knee.

- Kao Loi (Flying knee strike) - the Thai boxer takes step(s), jumps forward and off one leg and strikes with that leg's knee. A quite spectacular sight when it connects.

- Kao Tone (Straight knee strike) - the Thai boxer simply thrusts it forward (not upwards, unless he is holding an oppenents head down in a clinch and intend to knee upwards into the face). According to one written source, this technique is somewhat more recent than Kao Dode or Kao Loi. Supposedly, when the Thai boxers fought with rope-bound hands rather than the modern boxing gloves, this particular technique was subject to potentially vicious cutting, slicing and sawing by an alert opponent who would block it or deflect it with the sharp "rope-glove" edges or sometimes by the glass glued onto the "rope-gloves". This explanation also holds true for some of the following knee strikes below as well.

- Kao Noi (Small knee strike) - the Thai boxer hits the inside upper thigh (above the knee) of the opponent when clinching. This technique is used to wear down the opponent or to counter the opponent's knee strike or kick.